True family should, from the our earliest period, teach us how to love and respect.

Jovana, 16 year old

I have the right to live and play, and it must be heard by everyone.

Jelena, 9 years old

Happy is the Child with the family who love, advice and support them.

Marina, 15 year old

I have the right to be protected and no one can abuse me.

Milan, 6 years old

I have the right and obligation to go to school

Marko, 10 years old

Every child has the right to grow up in a healthy environment and the right to be enabled development and growing up in accordance with its needs.

Family has the primary duty and responsibility to take care of healthy growing up of its child- healthy growing up means creation of the conditions necessary for its welfare, the conditions which will ensure its proper growth and development.

The state has a duty to take all appropriate legislative, administrative and other measures for the realization of the rights recognized by the Convention.

Children without parental care need family as well, for the same reasons as any other child. Regardless of whether the child has no parents or they are not able to exercise parental responsibilities, for whatever reason, the society must intervene and must protect him. The child must know that the situation that he is in, will not affect his growing up.

Article 20 of the Convention states that a child temporarily or permanently deprived of his or her family environment shall be entitled to special protection and assistance provided by the State.

The state, in such situations, provides alternative care for such a child which means placement in a foster family, adoption or if necessary placement in suitable institutions.

Placement in suitable institutions and separating a child and parents is a repressive measure which is used as a last possibility to protect the child, its interests and its security. Before that all the ther possibilities of assistance and support to families must be exhausted.

The child is placed in the children’s home until ensuring the conditions for accommodation in its own family. That requires that while the child is placed in an institution for care and tendance, the relevant departments must work with the family to create conditions for the quick return of the child home. If this is not possible, then one must work on another form of care, and that is another family, adoption and foster care.

When the child is placed in children’s home, special care and protection must be given to it and what is of great importance is quality and skilled staff who can carry the burden of responsibility to perform this very demanding and responsible task.

By adopting the Strategy for improvement of social protection of children without parental care the policies, measures and actions in this area are defined, some of them should be implemented this year, and the amendments of the Family Law and the Law on Social Protection are in process.

At the roundtable held today in Banja Luka, the representatives of relevant institutions and NGOs discussed on numerous matters concerning children without parental care.