The International family day is marked each year on 15 May. This day is the occasion to point out, again, importance of the adoption as the most complete way to care for children without parental care. Every child needs a family - the children without parental care or children for whom the parents do not care, regardless their reasons, need the family - alternative one - foster care or adoptive family.
Form one side, the adoption has been very strictly regulated by the Family Law, which is understandable having in mind how serious the procedure is. However, the existing regulations are not in the best interest of the child from several reasons.
- The Law regulates that the child up to 5 years old can be fully adopted. This is very low age limit and the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child pointed that out to the Republic of Srpska.
-The Law did not establish the minimum age for adoption so the child 45 days old or 2 months old can be adopted.
- The Law does not regulate the conditions for the foreign citizens to adopt, only approval of the Ministry is required.
- The Law does not provide for establishment of the register of potential adoptive parents and children who could be adopted, nor it regulates preparations of the potential adoptive parents, nor monitoring of the children who have been adopted.
- The Law does not regulate the right of the child to know that s/he was adopted
- The Law only regulates the probation and adaptation period for the child in the new family.
In 2015 total number of 643 request for adoption was recorded by the social welfare centers, and 15 adoptions were concluded which is much higher than in 2014 when only 3 children were adopted. These are only submitted request without information if the persons fulfill requirements to adopt by the Law. The same situation is with the children for adoption. According to the Strategy for improvement of social protection of children without parental care, the changes of the Family law and establishment of the register of potential adoption families has been planned for 2016. This is additional reasons to discuss these issues in depth.
The round table "Every child need a family - why the adoption has been a problem?" was held today in Banja Luka. The representative of the social welfare centers, Ministry of health and social protection, Ministry of Family, Youth and Sports were present. The conclusion of all participants was that the changes of the Family Law have to be prepared as soon as possible in the area related to the adoption together with establishment of the register of the potential adoptive families and children for adoption.